Music glossary - Letter B
PLEASE CHOOSE A LETTER:
Bagpipe: Wind instrument popular in Western and Eastern Europe that has many tubes, one of which plays the melody while the others sound the drones, or sustained notes; a windbag is filled by either a mouth pipe or a set of bellows (uilleann pipes).
Ballad opera: English comic opera, normally featuring spoken dialogue alternating with songs set to popular tunes; also called dialogue opera.
Ballata: A form of italian 14th century poettry and music.
Banjo: Plucked-string instrument with round body in the form of a single-headed drum and a long, fretted neck; brought to the Americas from Africa by early slaves.
Bar: Also called a measure, a bar is a segment of written music in which there is a designated number of beats.
Basso continuo: Music that is played by 1 or more bass instruments and a keyboard instrument; it's one of the most distinct features of the Baroque era.
Bass Note: Lowest note of a chord.
Bass viol: See double bass.
Beat: The unit of musical rhythm.
Bebop: Complex jazz style developed in the 1940s.
Bent pitch: See blue note.
Blue note: A slight drop of pitch on the third, fifth or seventh tone of the scale, common in blues and jazz.
Blues: A style of jazz, both vocal and instrumental, introduced in the first decade of the 20th century. The most persistent characteristic of the blues is a 12-measure pattern, instead of the 8-measure and 16-measure patterns of ragtime.
Bomba: A style of Puerto Rican folk music derived primarily from African music and dominated by percussion instruments as well as call and response vocals.
Bongo: A pair of small drums of differing pitches, held between the legs and struck with both hands, of Afro-Cuban origin.
Bridge: Transitional passage connecting 2 sections of a composition, too transition.