Music glossary - Letter S
PLEASE CHOOSE A LETTER:
Saltarello: Italian "jumping dance", often characterized by triplets in a rapid 4/4 time.
Scale: Successive notes of a key or mode either ascending or descending.
Scherzo: Pertaining to the sonata form, a fast movement in triple time.
Secular music: Nonreligious music; when texted, usually in the vernacular.
Septet: A set of seven musicians who perform a composition written for seven parts.
Sequence: Restatement of an idea or motive at a different pitch level.
Sextet: A set of six musicians who perform a composition written for six parts.
Sextuple meter: Compound metrical pattern of six beats to a measure.
Shamisen: Long-necked Japanese chordophone with 3 strings.
Sharp: A symbol indicating the note is to be raised by one semitone.
Simple meter: Grouping of rhythms in which the beat is subdivided into two, as in duple, triple, and quadruple meters.
Slur: A curve over notes to indicate that a phrase is to be played legato.
Sonority: The tonal quality produced by a performer on an instrument.
Spiritual: Folklike devotional genre of the United States, sung by African-Americans and whites.
Staccato: Short, detached notes, marked with a dot above them.
String quartet: A group of 4 instruments, 2 violins, a viola, and cello.
Strophic form: Song structure in which the same music is repeated with every stanza (strophe) of the poem.
Swing: A term applied to the style of jazz that originated about 1935, particularly in the music of the Benny Goodman orchestra.
Syncopation: The rhythmic result produced when a regularly accented beat is displaced onto an unaccented beat.
Synthesizer: Electronic instrument that produces a wide variety of sounds by combining sound generators and sound modifiers in one package with a unified control system.